Background

Number of deaths, Gov. of Afghanistan, 1989-2017. Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden. http://ucdp.uu.se/#actor/130  

More updated material on the facebook site

The security situation in Afghanistan is quickly deteriorating. Since 2017, the Taliban have held more Afghan territory than at any time since the American invasion in 2001. Attacks against governmental forces, police and civilians are reported more or less daily. It is hard to estimate what will happen in connection with the elections on October 20.

Deportations of Afghan asylum seekers continues to be a serious issue in a number of European countries. The EU-Afghanistan agreement to facilitate returns (the Joint Way Forward), was signed in October 2016. So was a similar agreement between the Swedish and Afghan governments. 

In Sweden, the latest legal position on security in Afghanistan was taken in August 2017. No new assessment is announced, in spite of frequent reports of increasing violence and an escalating war situation. There is a need of updating the knowledge base.


Read more

Returning to What? The challenges displaced Afghans face in securing durable solutions  Norwegian Refugee Council. NRC Nov 27, 2018

UN Special Rep: Afghanistan is one-step away from famine  Afghan Herald Nov 25, 2018

Afghanistan: Hazaras are not safe  W Maley, N Ibrahimi, Lowy Institute Nov 26, 2018

A new turn in Taliban's war: Hazarajat under siege  The Diplomat Nov 16, 2018

Ghani says nearly 29,000 Afghan troops killed since 2015  Gandhara Nov 17, 2018

Why are the Taliban attacking Hazaras in Afghanistan?  Gandhara Nov 16, 2018

Afghan military deaths since 2015: More than 28,000  The Daily Telegraph Nov 14, 2018

Afghan Taliban Seek Elusive Control of Hazara Regions  Ghandhara Nove 14, 2018

UN paints grim picture of Ghazni situation  ToloNews Nov 14, 2018

Afghan taliban wants what it hasn't been able to hold: Hazara regions  Radio Free Europe Nov 13, 2018

The US never dropped as many bombs in Afghanistan as it did in 2018  Forbes Nov 13, 2018

Interior ministry confirms spike in casualty toll this year  ToloNews Nov 12, 2018

US War On Terror Kils Nearly 147,000 in Afghanistan  ToloNews Nov 9, 2018

Afghan Shi'ite Militia Battles Talibans, Raising Sectarian Fears  Reuters Nov 3, 2018

Taliban control more territory in Afghanistan than at any point since 2001, US inspector says  CNN Nov 1, 2018

Afghans - Europe's forgotten refugees  Paris Globalist Oct 20, 2018

Kandahar Assassinations Show Rising Taliban Strength in Afghanistan  Crisis group Oct 19, 2018

From Europe to Afghanistan. Experiences of Child Returnees  Save the Children Oct, 2018

Do the migration authorities in EU underestimate the insecurity in Afghanistan? Oct 14, 2018

Afghanistan Weekly Field Report 8-14 October 2018  OCHA

Quarterly report on the protection of civilians in armed conflict: 1 January to 30 September 2018  UNAMA Oct 10, 2018

Afghanistan: Protection of civilians in armed conflict. Special report  UNAMA Oct, 2018

Beheadings, roadside bombs and airstrikes: one day in Afghanistan  The Guardian Oct 7, 2018

Talibans threaten to carry out attacks against election targets  Khaama Press Oct 8, 2018

Afghan forces, Taliban battle for control of highway in Ghazni province  ChannelNewAsia  Oct 6, 2018

Privatizing war in Afghanistan endagers civilians  hrw.org Oct 2, 2018

Mapping Taliban control in Afghanistan  Defend democracy Sept 24, 2018

Afghan conflict could be deadlier than Syria in 2018: analysts  AFP Sept 14, 2018

Afghanistan: Anticipation of displacement  Reliefweb.int Sept 18, 2018

Civilians are loosing the war in Afghanistan  hrw.org  Sept 14, 2018

Preliminary findings indicate airstrike killed 12 civilians in Maidan Warnak province  UNAMA Sept 25, 2018

The Death Toll for Afghan Forces is Secret. Here's why  The New Yorks time Sept 21, 2018

Under threat, Kabul's Hazara make call to arms  Ghandara Sept 20, 2018

Why Afghanistan is more dangerous than ever  BBC News Sept 14, 2018

How the US Government Misleads the Public on Afghanistan  The New York Times Sept 8, 2018

Afghanistan: A bad year in America's longest war  CNN Sept 7, 2018

Finnish immigration authorities suspend Afghan asylum decisions  Yle Sept 4, 2018 Finland puts a temporary stop for deportations to Afghanistan.

Afghanistan: Student massacre is a war crime  Amnesty International Aug 16, 2018

A day in the life of a Kabul emergency room  IrinNews  June 11, 2018

Definition of "armed conflict": At least 25 battle-related deaths within one calender year. Department of conflict research, Uppsala University.

The water scarcity and pollution is described in several articles:
The article in Svenska Dagbladet, one of Sweden's biggest newspaper, on Aug 29, 2018, points out that in addition to the question of violence, the situation in Afghanistan suffers from lack of water. Within three years, there will be too little water in Kabul for it's population, and within 10 years, Afghanistan will have too little water for it's population. The population is growing because of the re-migration from Pakistan and Iran. 
Blue Gold: The quest for household water in Kabul City, Afghanistan Analysts Network, Aug 30, 2018
Ground water contamination is pushing Kabul towards catastrophe  Pasbanan.com Aug 29, 2018

Millions of Afghans face risks of drought related displacement  NRC Sept 9, 2018
He said he will take my baby from me as payment  UN Humanitarian, OCHRA July 30, 2018 

News, often in English, about security in Afghanistan can be found from the facebook site Afghanistanfakta (Facts about Afghanistan). 

List of links to media as well as articles are found at Nytt från Afghanistan (News from Afghanistan). Examples: 

UNHCR eligibility guidelines for assessing the international protection needs of asylum-seekers from Afghanistan UNHCR 30.8.2018      

The security situation in Afghanistan  PPT-presentation, UNHCR Sept 14, 2018

Why Hazaras are in danger in Afghanistan: Expert opinion  Refugee council of Australia, April 4, 2018


Professor William Maley view On the Return of Hazaras to Afghanistan  World Hazara Council, Dec 5, 2016

Documenting Afghanistan  

EU's secret ultimatum to Afghanistan: accept 80,000 deportees or lose aid  The Guardian Sept 28, 2016

Books


Maley, William. Transition in Afghanistan. Hope, Despair and the Limits of Statebuilding. Oxford, UK: Routledge 2018. ISBN 978-1138308718,  e-book 978-1315143071.  

Carpenter, R Charli. 'Innocent women and children': Gender, Norms and the Protection of Civilians. Oxford, UK: Routledge 2006.  ISBN 9780754647454, e-book 9781317116592.